Chicken Egg Colors Chart (By Egg Color & By Breed)

Different egg colors separated in an egg tray
Image credit: mosshollowhill / Instagram

When it comes to chicken egg colors, many people are surprised to discover the vast array of tints that can appear in their hens’ nests. From rich browns to soft blues, it seems like there’s an egg hue for every occasion.

However, it is worth noting that these colors aren’t just random; they relate directly to the breed of the chicken. It’s intriguing how genetics can influence pigment variations in eggshells.

In this article, you will find chicken egg color charts broken down by breed and color. You will also learn about the other factors that affect eggshell pigmentation and how this impacts your flock. Let’s begin!

Chicken Egg Color Description

The table below explains the meanings of different chicken egg colors, which will help in understanding the color charts in the next sections:

Egg ColorDescription
WhiteShell is not pigmented.
Brown (Light or Dark)Shell contains brown pigment.
BlueShell contains blue pigment.
Green, OliveShell contains both brown and blue pigments.
Cream or TintedShell has a little brown pigment.
PinkShell is cream or tinted underneath but contains a layer of bloom.
PurpleShell is brown underneath but contains a layer of bloom.

White eggs are white because there is no pigment in the shell. Essentially, they consist mainly of a naturally white-colored mineral called calcium carbonate.

In contrast, brown eggs take their shade from the pigment protoporphyrin IX. Depending on the intensity, these eggs range from light to dark brown.

On the other hand, cream or tinted eggs are primarily white but with a little hint of brown, which gives them a creamy appearance.

Meanwhile, a mutation in a chicken’s chromosome 1 led to blue eggs — the dominant oocyan allele replaced protoporphyrin IX. In the case of green eggs, however, chickens with genes for both pigments produce them.

Finally, two intriguing colors are pink and purple. Both are coated with a protective layer or “bloom.” Underneath their coating, though, pink eggs are actually cream, whereas purple eggs have a brownish hue.

Chicken Egg Colors Chart by Color

The following are tables of egg colors and the breeds that produce them, organized based on egg color: 

White Eggs

White eggs in sackcloth
Egg ColorBreedEgg SizeEgg Production (Per Year)
White55 Flowery HenLarge200–250
WhiteAppenzeller SpitzhaubenMedium150–180
WhiteBergische KräherLarge120–150
WhiteBianca di SaluzzoUnknown100–180
WhiteBlack ShumenMedium150–160
WhiteCalifornia WhiteLarge250–300
WhiteDerbyshire RedcapMedium150–200
WhiteLa FlecheLarge140–220
WhiteModern GameMedium50–80
WhiteNorwegian JaerhonMedium/Large180–200
WhiteOld English Pheasant FowlMedium160–200
WhiteSicilian ButtercupSmall140–180
WhiteWhite StarLarge300–320
White, BrownSeramaSmall70–250
White, Brown, CreamPhoenixSmall/Medium40–130
White, CreamAssendelfterMedium160–180
White, CreamAustra WhiteLarge220–280
White, CreamDutch BantamSmall150–160
White, CreamFrizzleSmall/Medium120–150
White, CreamIcelandicSmall/Medium100–180
White, CreamNankinSmall80–100
White, CreamPavlovskayaMedium60–90
White, CreamPekinSmall50–100
White, CreamScots DumpySmall/Medium140–180
White, CreamSilkieSmall/Medium100–120
White, CreamSwedish BlackSmall/Medium/Large150–250
White, Cream, Light BrownKo Shamo BantamSmall70–90
White, Cream, TintedSebrightSmall60–80
White, Light BrownBarbu d’AnversSmall150–250
White, Light BrownSicilianaSmall140–180
White, Light Brown, TintedOld English GameSmall/Medium100–160
White, TintedAltsteirerLarge150–180
White, TintedBarbu de WatermaelSmall80–100
White, TintedBarbu de GrubbeSmall90–120
White, TintedBooted BantamSmall100–180
White, TintedCatalanaMedium/Large200–140
White, TintedCrevecoeurMedium/Large100–150
White, TintedDorkingMedium/Large170–190
White, TintedKraienkoppeMedium/Large150–180
White, TintedKulangUnknown40–70
White, TintedLakenvelderMedium150–200
White, TintedSumatraMedium80–100
White, TintedThai GameMedium70–100
White, TintedTuzoSmall60–100

Brown Eggs

Brown eggs in supermarket
Egg ColorBreedEgg SizeEgg Production (Per Year)
BrownAmerican GameMedium80–100
BrownBlack Sex LinkLarge200–280
BrownBlack TailLarge200–300
BrownBovans NeraMedium270–300
BrownCalder RangerMedium300–320
BrownCinnamon QueenLarge240–320
BrownGolden CometLarge250–320
BrownHy-Line BrownLarge240–300
BrownIowa BlueMedium100–180
BrownModern LangshanLarge150–200
BrownRed StarLarge280–350
BrownRhode Island RedMedium/Large220–310
BrownStarozagorska RedMedium200–220
BrownWhite RockLarge200–280
Brown, CreamSwissUnknown170–200
Brown, CreamWyandotteLarge200–240
Brown, CreamYakidoUnknown50–80
Brown, Dark BrownJersey GiantLarge150–200
Brown, Dark BrownHisex RangerLarge280–300
Brown, Light BrownBlack RockMedium/Large260–310
Brown, Light BrownCherry EggerLarge200–280
Brown, Light BrownMalayMedium20–100
Brown, PinkPlymouth RockLarge200–300
Brown, TintedMarsh DaisyMedium200–250
Brown, TintedNew Hampshire RedLarge200–220
Brown, TintedWybarLarge180–200
Dark BrownAmberlinkMedium250–300
Dark BrownBarnevelderLarge170–200
Dark BrownBovans BrownLarge160–290
Dark BrownBurford BrownLarge160–240
Dark BrownHebden BlackUnknown260–290
Dark BrownPenedesencaMedium200–300
Dark BrownWelbarLarge200–250
Dark Brown, CreamGerman LangshanLarge150–200
Dark Brown, Tinted, PinkJavaLarge150–180
Dark Brown, PurpleMaransMedium150–200
Dark Brown, PurpleWelsummerLarge160–180
Dark Brown, Light Brown, Plum, PurpleCroad LangshanLarge140–200
Light BrownAustralorpMedium250–300
Light BrownISA BrownLarge300–350
Light BrownJangmigyeMedium200–250
Light BrownNaked NeckMedium/Large100–150
Light BrownNorth Holland BlueMedium150–180
Light BrownOhikiSmall20–60
Light BrownRed Jungle FowlMedium120–150
Light BrownRussian OrloffSmall/Medium100–180
Light BrownShamoMedium/Large90–100
Light BrownWarrenLarge200–320
Light Brown, CreamLohmann BrownLarge290–300
Light Brown, CreamOnagadoriSmall80–100
Light Brown, CreamSaipanMedium40–90
Light Brown, CreamSulmtalerMedium130–180
Light Brown, Cream, PinkAsil (Aseel)Small40–70
Light Brown, Cream, PinkSussexMedium/Large200–250
Light Brown, Dark BrownDominiqueMedium230–275
Light Brown, Dark BrownRhode Island WhiteLarge200–250
Light Brown, PinkChanteclerLarge150–220
Light Brown, PinkOrpingtonMedium200–280
Light Brown, TintedRhodebarLarge180–250
Light Brown, TintedSwedish FlowerLarge150–200
Light Brown, Pink, TintedSalmon FaverolleMedium150–200

Blue Eggs

Blue eggs in a nest
Egg ColorBreedEgg SizeEgg Production (Per Year)
BlueArkansas BlueMedium/Large250–300
BlueAzure BlueLarge200–300
BlueCream LegbarMedium150–200
BlueFibro Easter EggerLarge200–250
BlueLakeside EggerLarge200–260
BlueOpal LegbarMedium/Large150–250
BlueSapphire JewelLarge200–260
BlueSuper Blue EggerLargeUnknown
BlueWhiting True BlueLarge280–300
Blue, GreenSchijndelaarMediumUnknown
Blue, GreenShetlandMedium150–200
Blue, GreenSteele EggerMedium150–200
Blue, Blue-greenLushiSmall50–100
Blue, Blue-green, TanFavaucanaLarge150–180

Green and Olive Eggs

Green and olive eggs in an egg tray
Image credit: ollasgardens/ Instagram
Egg ColorBreedEgg SizeEgg Production (Per Year)
GreenGerman Bush FowlMedium160–180
GreenStarlight Green EggerLarge200–280
GreenSwedish IsbarLarge200–250
Green, BluishGreen QueenMedium280–320
Green, Bluish, Light Brown, PinkEaster EggerMedium180–200
Green, OliveOlive EggerMedium/Large150–200
Green, Tiffany BlueIce Cream BarMedium150–200
Olive, TintedSage GemSmall200–260

Cream and Tinted Eggs

Cream eggs in a white bowl
Egg ColorBreedEgg SizeEgg Production (Per Year)
CreamAyam CemaniSmall60–100
CreamMille Fleur d’UccleSmall150–250
CreamPita Pinta AsturianaMedium140–250
CreamScots GreyLarge150–180
Cream, Light BrownBresseMedium/Large160–250
Cream, TintedCoucou de RennesUnknown150–180
Cream, TintedCubalayaSmall125–175
Cream, TintedFayoumiMedium150–200
Cream, TintedJapanese BantamSmall50–75
Cream, TintedVorwerkLarge160–190
Cream, TintedRosecombSmall60–120
Cream, TintedYokohamaSmall60–80
TintedCornish (Indian Game)Small/Medium160–180
TintedNorfolk GreyMedium150–220

Pink Eggs

Pink eggs on the grass
Image credit: red.brick.roost / Instagram
Egg ColorBreedEgg SizeEgg Production (Per Year)
Pink Bloom (Brown)Plymouth RockLarge200–300
Pink Bloom (Light Brown)AustralorpLarge200–260
Pink Bloom (Light Brown)Easter EggerMedium180–200
Pink Bloom (Light Brown)OrpingtonMedium200–280
Pink Bloom (Cream, White)SilkieSmall/Medium100–120
Pink Bloom (Light Brown, Cream)Asil (Aseel)Small40–70
Pink Bloom (Light Brown, Cream)SussexMedium/Large200–250
Pink Bloom (Light Brown, Tinted)Salmon FaverolleMedium150–200
Pink Bloom (Dark Brown, Tinted)JavaLarge150–180

Purple Eggs

Purple eggs in a wire basket
Image credit: spectrumpoultryri / Instagram
Egg ColorBreedEgg SizeEgg Production (Per Year)
Purple Bloom (Dark Brown)MaransMedium150–200
Purple Bloom (Dark Brown)WelsummerLarge160–180
Purple Bloom (Light Brown), Plum Bloom (Dark Brown)Croad LangshanLarge140–200

After examining all the tables above, you must have noticed that many different chicken breeds can produce various colored eggs. Yet, note that once a hen has laid an egg, it will always be the same shade.

For instance, if your female Easter Egger has just laid a green-pigmented egg, she will always lay green eggs from now on. You may need to buy a second Easter Egger hen that can produce blue ones.

Chicken Egg Colors Chart by Breed

Of course, grouping different chickens according to egg color is just one way to categorize them. For those who prefer to see a chicken egg color chart by breed, though, we have provided the following table:

BreedEgg ColorEgg SizeEgg Production (Per Year)
55 Flowery HenWhiteLarge200–250
AltsteirerWhite, TintedLarge150–180
AmberlinkDark BrownMedium250–300
American GameBrownMedium80–100
Appenzeller SpitzhaubenWhiteMedium150–180
Arkansas BlueBlueMedium/Large250–300
Asil (Aseel)Light Brown, Cream, Pink BloomSmall40–70
AssendelfterWhite, CreamMedium160–180
Austra WhiteWhite, CreamLarge220–280
AustralorpLight BrownMedium250–300
Ayam CemaniCreamSmall60–100
Azure BlueBlueLarge200–300
Barbu d’AnversWhite, Light BrownSmall150–250
Barbu de GrubbeWhite, TintedSmall90–120
Barbu de WatermaelWhite, TintedSmall80–100
BarnevelderDark BrownLarge170–200
Bergische KräherWhiteLarge120–150
Bianca di SaluzzoWhiteUnknown100–180
Black RockBrown, Light BrownMedium/Large260–310
Black Sex LinkBrownLarge200–280
Black ShumenWhiteMedium150–160
Black TailBrownLarge200–300
Booted BantamWhite, TintedSmall100–180
Bovans BrownDark BrownLarge160–290
Bovans NeraBrownMedium270–300
BresseCream, Light BrownMedium/Large160–250
Burford BrownDark BrownLarge160–240
Calder RangerBrownMedium300–320
California WhiteWhiteLarge250–300
CatalanaWhite, TintedMedium/Large200–140
ChanteclerLight Brown, Pink BloomLarge150–220
Cherry EggerBrown, Light BrownLarge200–280
Cinnamon QueenBrownLarge240–320
Cornish (Indian Game)TintedSmall/Medium160–180
Coucou de RennesCream, TintedUnknown150–180
Cream LegbarBlueMedium150–200
CrevecoeurWhite, TintedMedium/Large100–150
Croad LangshanDark Brown, Light Brown, Plum Bloom, Purple BloomLarge140–200
CubalayaCream, TintedSmall125–175
Derbyshire RedcapWhiteMedium150–200
DominiqueLight Brown, Dark BrownMedium230–275
DorkingWhite, TintedMedium/Large170–190
Dutch BantamWhite, CreamSmall150–160
Easter EggerGreen, Bluish, Light Brown, Pink BloomMedium180–200
FavaucanaBlue, Blue-green, TanLarge150–180
FayoumiCream, TintedMedium150–200
Fibro Easter EggerBlueLarge200–250
FrizzleWhite, CreamSmall/Medium120–150
German Bush FowlGreenMedium160–180
German LangshanDark Brown, CreamLarge150–200
Golden CometBrownLarge250–320
Green QueenGreen, BluishMedium280–320
Hisex RangerBrown, Dark BrownLarge280–300
Hy-Line BrownBrownLarge240–300
Ice Cream BarGreen, Tiffany BlueMedium150–200
IcelandicWhite, CreamSmall/Medium100–180
Iowa BlueBrownMedium100–180
ISA BrownLight BrownLarge300–350
JangmigyeLight BrownMedium200–250
Japanese BantamCream, TintedSmall50–75
JavaDark Brown, Tinted, Pink BloomLarge150–180
Jersey GiantBrown, Dark BrownLarge150–200
Ko Shamo BantamWhite, Cream, Light BrownSmall70–90
KraienkoppeWhite, TintedMedium/Large150–180
KulangWhite, TintedUnknown40–70
La FlecheWhiteLarge140–220
LakenvelderWhite, TintedMedium150–200
Lakeside EggerBlueLarge200–260
Lohmann BrownLight Brown, CreamLarge290–300
LushiBlue, Blue-greenSmall50–100
MalayBrown, Light BrownMedium20–100
MaransDark Brown, Purple BloomMedium150–200
Marsh DaisyBrown, TintedMedium200–250
Mille Fleur d’UccleCreamSmall150–250
Modern GameWhiteMedium50–80
Modern LangshanBrownLarge150–200
Naked NeckLight BrownMedium/Large100–150
NankinWhite, CreamSmall80–100
New Hampshire RedBrown, TintedLarge200–220
Norfolk GreyTintedMedium150–220
North Holland BlueLight BrownMedium150–180
Norwegian JaerhonWhiteMedium/Large180–200
OhikiLight BrownSmall20–60
Old English GameWhite, Light Brown, TintedSmall/Medium100–160
Old English Pheasant FowlWhiteMedium160–200
Olive EggerGreen, OliveMedium/Large150–200
OnagadoriLight Brown, CreamSmall80–100
Opal LegbarBlueMedium/Large150–250
OrpingtonLight Brown, Pink BloomMedium200–280
PavlovskayaWhite, CreamMedium60–90
PekinWhite, CreamSmall50–100
PenedesencaDark BrownMedium200–300
PhoenixWhite, Brown, CreamSmall/Medium40–130
Pita Pinta AsturianaCreamMedium140–250
Plymouth RockBrown, Pink BloomLarge200–300
Red Jungle FowlLight BrownMedium120–150
Red StarBrownLarge280–350
Rhode Island RedBrownMedium/Large220–310
Rhode Island WhiteLight Brown, Dark BrownLarge200–250
RhodebarLight Brown, TintedLarge180–250
RosecombCream, TintedSmall60–120
Russian OrloffLight BrownSmall/Medium100–180
Sage GemOlive, TintedSmall200–260
SaipanLight Brown, CreamMedium40–90
Salmon FaverolleLight Brown, Pink Bloom, TintedMedium150–200
Sapphire JewelBlueLarge200–260
SchijndelaarBlue, GreenMediumUnknown
Scots DumpyWhite, CreamSmall/Medium140–180
Scots GreyCreamLarge150–180
SebrightWhite, Cream, TintedSmall60–80
SeramaWhite, BrownSmall70–250
ShamoLight BrownMedium/Large90–100
ShetlandBlue, GreenMedium150–200
Sicilian ButtercupWhiteSmall140–180
SicilianaWhite, Light BrownSmall140–180
SilkieWhite, CreamSmall/Medium100–120
Starlight Green EggerGreenLarge200–280
Starozagorska RedBrownMedium200–220
Steele EggerBlue, GreenMedium150–200
SulmtalerLight Brown, CreamMedium130–180
SumatraWhite, TintedMedium80–100
Super Blue EggerBlueLargeUnknown
SussexLight Brown, Cream, Pink BloomMedium/Large200–250
Swedish BlackWhite, CreamSmall/Medium/Large150–250
Swedish FlowerLight Brown, TintedLarge150–200
Swedish IsbarGreenLarge200–250
SwissBrown, CreamUnknown170–200
Thai GameWhite, TintedMedium70–100
TuzoWhite, TintedSmall60–100
VorwerkCream, TintedLarge160–190
WarrenLight BrownLarge200–320
WelbarDark BrownLarge200–250
WelsummerDark Brown, Purple BloomLarge160–180
White RockBrownLarge200–280
White StarWhiteLarge300–320
Whiting True BlueBlueLarge280–300
WyandotteBrown, CreamLarge200–240
WybarBrown, TintedLarge180–200
YakidoBrown, CreamUnknown50–80
YokohamaCream, TintedSmall60–80

With the help of the chart above, you can easily determine which breed is producing which egg color.

As a bonus, this video shows a few chicken breeds and their corresponding eggs:

The Breeds That Color Our Egg Carton

Factors Influencing Egg Color

Different egg colors laid on the ground
Image credit: spectrumpoultryri / Instagram

Have you ever wondered why chicken eggs come in various shades and patterns? This is because several factors determine their appearance. Below are some of the most common ones:

  • Genetics: All chicken breeds have a set of specific genes that dictate the color of the eggs they lay.
  • Diet and nutrition: While diet primarily affects yolk tint, the overall shell color can sometimes see minor changes based on nutritional intake. For example, pale eggs may result from a lack of calcium.
  • Age of the hen: The intensity of eggshell color usually changes as a hen matures. When young, some pullets produce eggs with deeper colors. However, this intensity often fades as they age, leading to lighter-colored eggs.
  • Bloom presence: Eggs have a natural protective coating called bloom or cuticula after laying. It’s a chicken’s way of shielding the embryo from harmful bacteria. This bloom can sometimes affect the perceived color of an egg.
  • Stress: Chickens, like all creatures, react to stress. Factors like loud noises, threats from predators, or sudden changes can upset them. This stress can manifest in the form of irregularly colored eggs.
  • Molting: Molting is a natural process where chickens shed old feathers to develop new ones. During this period, their energy is directed towards regrowing plumage, which can temporarily affect the color consistency of the eggs they produce.
  • Amount of light: Sunlight plays its part too. Chickens exposed to longer periods of daylight might lay eggs with paler colors, which results from a vitamin D3 overdose.
  • Diseases: Certain diseases can influence the egg’s appearance. For instance, infections affecting a hen’s oviduct can lead to abnormalities in eggshell color or texture.

It’s clear that the variety of chicken egg colors arises from a mix of internal and external factors. By understanding all these, you can better appreciate the unique traits of each egg and ensure the well-being of their hens.

Myths and Misconceptions About Egg Color

Natural colors of chicken eggs in a basket

In the world of poultry and eggs, many misconceptions exist. One popular belief is that an egg’s color affects its nutritional value. Contrary to this, nutrition isn’t tied to shell tint but to the chicken’s age and health.

Another widespread assumption is that white eggs typically come from commercial farms, while brown ones have organic origins.

In reality, the pigmentation of chicken eggs is a genetic trait from specific breeds. It is not indicative of farming practices or commercial production methods.

In addition, my farm occasionally hosts visitors who are surprised to see green and blue eggs. They mistakenly think these colors mean spoilage. I assured them these hues are natural and not an indicator of freshness.

Lastly, many assume that the shell’s color gives a hint about the yolk’s shade. However, yolk color largely depends on the hen’s diet, particularly the carotenoids consumed, not the shell’s exterior tint.

Frequently Asked Questions

Tray of many different colors of eggs

Does the Color of a Chicken Egg Matter?

No, egg color doesn’t really matter. Most eggs have the same nutritional value, regardless of pigment. However, rare-colored ones, such as blue, green, pink, and olive eggs, often fetch higher prices.

Once, a friend of mine bought green-tinted eggs, eager to have something rare. While white eggs typically cost $3 to $10, she spent a whopping $50 on those green gems. It’s fascinating how egg color can influence cost so dramatically!

What Is the Rarest Chicken Egg Color?

Green eggs are the rarest, as specific breed crossings are needed to produce green layers. Chickens like Favaucanas, Starlight Green Eggers, Ameraucanas, Sage Gems, and Olive Eggers are a few examples.

What Is the Most Popular Chicken Egg Color?

Regarding popularity, white eggs take the top spot, followed closely by brown eggs. This stems from the fact that numerous chicken breeds commonly produce these colors.

We hope that the chicken egg color charts we have provided are helpful. If you have any questions, please feel free to leave them in the comment section below!

Leave a Comment

You may also like