Dixie Rainbow Chicken: Breed Profile, Facts & Pictures

Dixie Rainbow chickens in a farm
Image credit: subversive606 / Instagram

The Dixie Rainbow chicken stands out as a unique breed in the poultry world. It combines the best features of other chickens, including its large size, high egg production, and beautiful coloration.

Furthermore, Dixie Rainbow chickens boast plausible claims of being easy to manage. They even have an excellent temperament that makes them ideal pets.

In this article, you will discover everything you need to learn about these birds, which includes their origin and history, appearance, noise level, personality traits, price range, and more. Let’s get started!

Dixie Rainbow Chicken Quick Facts

Origin:United States
Weight:Males: 3.2–3.6 kg (7–8 lbs)
Hens: 2.3–2.7 kg (5–6 lbs)
Purpose:Egg & meat production
Egg Production:4–5 eggs per week
200–250 eggs per year
Egg Color:Brown
Temperament:Confident, sweet, lively, vocal, territorial, and affectionate
Hardiness:Cold and heat hardy
Lifespan:6–8 years
Unique Features:Large size, mixed ancestry, fast growth rate
Beginner Friendly:Yes

What Is a Dixie Rainbow Chicken?

Dixie Rainbow chicken side view
Image credit: tacotamaletortillachickens / Instagram

The Dixie Rainbow chicken, also known as Rainbow Dixie chicken, is a hybrid with a purpose. It serves dual roles on the farm: it is an excellent layer of eggs and can be raised for meat. Further, Dixie Rainbow chickens are prized for their quick growth rates.

Dixie Rainbow chickens have a mysterious lineage. Yet, despite this, they rank among top meat chicken breeds like Rangers, Leghorns, Australorps, Orpingtons, Cochins, and Jersey Giants.

The main reason behind this is that their genetics promote rapid growth, which is similar to broiler chickens.

In addition to their meaty benefits, they’re proficient egg layers. However, they start laying a bit later than some other species. This slight delay is balanced by their high egg count once they begin.

Appearance-wise, these chickens are a bit unpredictable, hence their name. Simply put, every Dixie Rainbow has its distinct look.

Still, note that their diverse appearances don’t reflect their temperament. Universally, they are known for their sweet and friendly nature, making them ideal choices for poultry beginners.

Dixie Rainbow Chicken Appearance

Dixie Rainbow chicken walking on dirt
Image credit: maple_knoll / Instagram

Dixie Rainbow chickens, being hybrids, don’t have a fixed appearance. This means that when you see them, each might look slightly different from the next.

Yet, it is worth noting that most of these birds are draped in tints of tan and brown, and many exhibit speckles across their bodies. Still, this doesn’t limit their color palette.

For instance, some might surprise you with a base of white, black, or even gray feathers. This variety ensures that each Dixie Rainbow chicken will stand out from the crowd.

Focusing on their facial attributes, these birds possess single combs, eye rims, wattles, and earlobes, all of which appear bright red in shade. Meanwhile, their blunt beaks tend to retain a pale orange hue.

Completing their appearance, they possess plump bodies, upright tails, and yellow-orange legs and feet, which makes them a sight to behold in any backyard coop.

Dixie Rainbow Chicken Size and Weight

The Dixie Rainbow chicken is known for its swift growth rate. Remarkably, within 12 to 13 weeks, it matures to its full adult size, measuring between 8 and 14 inches tall.

When considering their weight, male Dixie Rainbows typically weigh between 7 and 8 pounds, while hens fall in the range of around 5 to 6 pounds

Watch the video below to see how big eight-week-old Dixie Rainbow chickens are:

Week 8 Dixie Rainbow Chickens #chickens #raisingchickens

Dixie Rainbow Chicken Temperament and Behavior

Dixie Rainbow chicken in a coop
Image credit: subversive606 / Instagram

The Dixie Rainbow chicken exhibits a confident demeanor. It’s not rare to see them strutting about the coop, proudly showing their dominance.

Yet, note that these birds’ temperament extends beyond just confidence. They are also genuinely sweet and affectionate with their keepers.

In fact, they love cuddles and petting sessions, which makes them a hit among families, especially those with older kids. Plus, their lively nature makes sure there’s never a dull moment around them.

However, it’s essential to mention their territorial side, too. For instance, during crucial periods such as mating, nesting, and laying seasons, Dixie Rainbows become pretty protective. This trait ensures that they establish and maintain their space within the flock.

Egg Production and Broodiness of the Dixie Rainbow Chicken

The Dixie Rainbow chicken is a reliable egg layer, particularly during its early years. On average, it can produce 4 to 5 eggs each week, which amounts to about 200 to 250 eggs annually.

Diving deeper, the eggs these birds lay are of medium size and have a distinct brown coloration.

However, potential keepers should note that Dixie Rainbow chickens begin their laying cycle a tad later than some other breeds, typically starting between 20 and 24 weeks of age.

On the topic of broodiness, they display a strong inclination. They often show a keen interest in incubating their eggs, which can last up to 21 days.

Yet, remember that this high level of broodiness also means a potential dip in egg production during such periods.

Noise Levels of Dixie Rainbow Chickens

Dixie Rainbow chicken burrowed on dirt
Image credit: jenn_dixierainbowfarm / Instagram

Dixie Rainbow chickens have varied noise levels. While some maintain a medium volume, others can be exceptionally loud.

Their vocal expressions include a medley of chicken sounds: clucking, squawking, cackling, and even their regular “chit-chats.”

Dixie Rainbow hens, in particular, are known to raise the volume when they’re in the process of laying eggs.

On the other hand, roosters have their distinctive form of noise, which is known as crowing. Their routine crowing, especially in the early morning, is something potential keepers should be prepared for.

How to Take Care of Your Dixie Rainbow Chicken

Keeping a Dixie Rainbow chicken is relatively easy, but it does take some time and effort. Below are some tips to help you care for your new feathered friend:

Lifespan and Health Issues

The Dixie Rainbow chicken typically lives for 6 to 8 years. However, this is not guaranteed, as specific health issues can affect this breed’s lifespan. The following are some of the most common ones:

  • Salmonellosis: Dixie Rainbow chickens, like other poultry, can carry salmonella. This bacterial infection affects both birds and humans. Regular sanitation is, therefore, crucial when handling these fowls or their eggs.
  • Ascites Syndrome: With their rapid growth rate, Dixie Rainbows can develop heart disease or congestive heart failure at an early age. This is especially common if the bird’s nutrition is poor or if it was fed a high-fat diet when young.
  • Poor leg development: Another problem with growing at a swift pace is leg weakness. Since Dixie Rainbow chickens reach their adult size within just three months, they are more prone to leg problems than other breeds.

Dixie Rainbow chickens are hardy birds, but attention to their health is still crucial. So, routine health checks, vaccinations, and maintaining a clean environment should be a priority for any poultry owner.


Dixie Rainbow chickens exhibit rapid growth, which dictates specific dietary needs.

For the initial stages, though, it’s best to provide them with a chick starter feed. This feed should contain around 22 to 24% protein and is crucial for their development up to week four. 

Post this phase, a shift to a finisher feed is recommended. Ensure this feed comprises no less than 18 to 19% protein to fuel your Dixie Rainbow chicks’ swift maturation.

As adults, their dietary needs change yet again. A layer feed containing 15 to 17% protein with added calcium becomes indispensable. Also, treats in the form of fresh fruits and veggies can be a delightful addition to their diet.

However, remember that a constant supply of clean water remains non-negotiable. Your chickens will not thrive without it.

Coop Setup and Roaming

Given their impressive size, Dixie Rainbows require ample space for optimal health and comfort.

For starters, a minimum of four square feet of floor area inside the coop is needed for each chicken. This space makes sure they aren’t cramped and can move with ease.

When it comes to laying hens, nest boxes play a crucial role. Allocating a 14x14x20-inch box for every group of four ensures a cozy laying environment.

Beyond the coop, these chickens cherish the freedom to roam. Thus, a run is necessary. A running area of about 8 to 10 square feet per Dixie Rainbow chicken should be sufficient.

Adding some charm to their coop is beneficial, too. Dust baths and mirrors are two examples of enrichments that can provide therapeutic and entertaining benefits for your feathered pets.


Dixie Rainbow chickens display resilience in both cold and hot climates. So you can expect they consistently lay eggs, regardless of temperature fluctuations.

However, it should be noted that maintaining the coop’s temperature between 65°F and 75°F optimizes their comfort.

Meanwhile, for keepers who are living in regions with extremely chilly winters, investing in artificial heat sources, such as heat lamps or electric hovers, can make all the difference.

How Much Does a Dixie Rainbow Chicken Cost?

Dixie Rainbow chicks on hay
Image credit: jenn_dixierainbowfarm / Instagram

Before deciding to add Dixie Rainbow chickens to your flock, it is important to know the associated costs. For straight run chicks, prices generally range from $3 to $4.

Meanwhile, if you’re particular about the gender, sexed chicks have varied fees. Female Dixie Rainbow chicks will set you back anywhere from $4 to $7, while males are a bit cheaper, costing between $2 and $5.

Once these chicks mature into adults, their price tag increases. Fully grown Dixie Rainbows typically fetch between $10 and $50. This is because factors like color, health, and personality significantly affect their worth.

On another note, if you’re wondering where to purchase these birds, they’re primarily available in specialized hatcheries due to their hybrid nature.

Pros and Cons of the Dixie Rainbow Chicken 

The Dixie Rainbow chicken has been gaining attention in the poultry world for various reasons. However, like every breed, it has its advantages and drawbacks.

First, the following are the pros of getting Dixie Rainbow chickens:

  • Dual-purpose functionality: Dixie Rainbow chickens serve two primary purposes for poultry keepers. They are not only good meat providers, but they are also well regarded for their egg-laying ability.
  • Easily tameable: Despite their towering size and dominant nature, Dixie Rainbow chickens are surprisingly easy to tame. Their sociable character means that, with consistent interaction, they can become affectionate and trusting toward their caretakers.
  • Rapid growth rate: One of the standout features of Dixie Rainbow chickens is their ability to grow at an incredible speed. They reach their full adult size in just 12 to 13 weeks, a trait that proves advantageous for those looking to harvest meat in a shorter time frame.
  • Incredibly hardy: Dixie Rainbow chickens are resilient. They can withstand various weather conditions — whether it be freezing temperatures, heavy rainfalls, or extreme heat.

On the flip side, below are the cons of keeping Dixie Rainbows:

  • Mixed heritage: Because of their hybrid origins, Dixie Rainbow chickens don’t have a standardized appearance. This can pose challenges for those looking for uniformity in their flock.
  • Limited mobility: Due to the rapid growth rate of Dixie Rainbow chickens, it is unsurprising that some will eventually develop leg problems.
  • Has aggressive tendencies: Even though Dixie Rainbows are generally affectionate, they’re not without their assertive side. During certain seasons, especially mating, their territorial disposition can emerge.
  • Not suitable for long-term egg production: While Dixie Rainbow chickens are commendable egg layers initially, their production rate tends to drop earlier than other breeds.

As you can see, Dixie Rainbows, with their unique set of qualities, can be an excellent addition to many poultry settings. However, they still have a few flaws that you should consider before purchasing them.

Frequently Asked Questions

Dixie Rainbow chicken after eating
Image credit: jenn_dixierainbowfarm / Instagram

Are Dixie Rainbow Chickens Good Egg Layers?

Yes, Dixie Rainbow chickens are good egg producers. They can lay 4 to 5 eggs a week, or roughly 200 to 250 annually. Still, as these fowls age, bear in mind that their egg production tends to drop significantly.

When Do Dixie Rainbow Chickens Start Laying Eggs?

Dixie Rainbow chickens typically begin laying eggs between 20 and 24 weeks of age, slightly later than most breeds. Yet, they compensate with consistent laying in both cold and hot conditions due to their hardiness.

Are Dixie Rainbow Chickens Friendly?

Yes, Dixie Rainbow chickens are known for their friendly nature towards caretakers. So, despite their large size, their amiable disposition makes them a top pick for beginners in poultry care.

Having raised Dixie Rainbows myself, I’ve observed their charming friendliness firsthand. In fact, even neighborhood kids would often drop by to visit them — an indication of how captivating these chickens can be.

Are Dixie Rainbow Chickens Good Backyard Chickens?

Dixie Rainbow chickens excel as backyard birds. For one thing, being a dual-purpose breed, they provide both eggs and meat. This makes them a practical choice for home flocks.

In a nutshell, the Dixie Rainbow chicken is an intriguing and adaptable breed that has numerous qualities that make it unique. So, did you find the Dixie Rainbow chicken as fascinating as we did? Let us know in the comment section!

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