Brahma Chicken: Breed Profile, Pictures & Care Guide

Brahma chicken sitting on dirt

The Brahma chicken, also known as the “King of All Poultry,” is a remarkable breed known for its impressive size, gentle temperament, and striking feather colors and patterns.

Their thick feathering, which extends all the way to their legs, not only makes them stand out visually but also makes them a particularly hardy breed.

If you’re interested in learning more about Brahma chickens, whether you’re a seasoned chicken keeper or a beginner looking to get their feet dirty with a hardy breed, this article is for you!

Brahma Chicken Overview

Origin:United States
Purpose:Dual-purpose (meat and eggs)
Weight:Rooster: 9–12 lbs (4–5.4 kg);
Hen: 6–10 lbs (2.7–4.5 kg)
Color:Light, dark, buff
Temperament:Friendly, calm, gentle
Egg Production:150–200 eggs per year
Egg Color:Brown
Egg Size:Medium to large
Known for Broodiness:Yes
Cold Hardy:Yes
Heat Tolerant:Yes
Beginner friendly:Yes
Lifespan:5–8 years
Cost:$3–$10 per chick

Brahma Chicken Origin and History

Brahma chicken hiding from the sun

The history of the Brahma chicken is rich and intriguing. Originating from the northern parts of China, this heritage breed was brought to America around 1843.

They were known for their impressive size and feathered shanks and were initially called “Shanghai chickens.” The name stuck for some time as they were first introduced to the US by sailors who came from Shanghai, China.

The breed was then further developed in the US using Chittagong chickens imported from India, which gave the Brahma its distinctive head shape and pea comb. The original variety was the Light Brahma.

In a strategic move in 1852, a breeder named George Burnham sent nine Brahmas to Queen Victoria, boosting the popularity of the breed.

This act not only increased their popularity but also led to the development of the Dark Brahma variety in England, which was later reintroduced to America.

Both the Light and Dark Brahma were later recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA) in 1874, and the Buff Brahma was added in 1924.

Brahma Chicken Appearance and Breed Standard

Brahma chickens in different sizes

The Brahma chicken, known for its impressive size and distinctive appearance, is a sight to behold. With their large size, they are considered one of the best chicken breeds for meat production.

One of the standout features of the Brahma chicken is its thick plumage, which even extends to its legs and feet. Should you be interested in other chickens that display feathered feet, you should check out this article!

Going back, this feathering not only gives them a unique look but also keeps them warm in colder climates. Moreover, these chickens have deep, broad bodies that are complemented by wide chests and full, rounded tails. 

Their head, which is small in proportion to their body size, features a small pea comb and red wattles, giving them a unique silhouette. They also have reddish-brown eyes and a short, yellow beak.

There are only three primary color varieties recognized by the American Poultry Association (APA): light, dark, and buff. However, the UK and a few other countries accept a wider variety of colors and patterns.

When it comes to breed standards, there are certain characteristics deemed undesirable in Brahma chickens. This includes traits like crooked backs, deformities, bent tails, and white or pink legs.

Brahma Chicken Feather Patterns

Brahma chickens are not just celebrated for their impressive size but also for their captivating feather patterns.

They come in three standard colors, and each variety offers a distinct combination of visual appeal that is sure to please both chicken enthusiasts and breeders.

Light Brahma

Light Brahma chicken

The Light Brahma is a visual delight, primarily characterized by its pristine white feathers. The most distinguishing feature of this variety is the black penciling on its hackle feathers, which form a striking pattern.

Its tail feathers are also black, providing a beautiful contrast to the otherwise white body. Light Brahmas are known for their grace and elegance, making them a favorite among poultry enthusiasts.

Dark Brahma

Dark Brahma chicken

Dark Brahmas have bodies that are primarily covered in dark gray or black feathers, but what truly sets them apart is the silvery-white edging on each feather.

This feather pattern creates a laced effect, giving the Dark Brahma a unique and intricate appearance.

Moreover, the Dark Brahma rooster and hen exhibit distinct differences in their feather patterns and colors.

While hens sport a dark gray and black penciled appearance with hackles similar to the Light Brahma, roosters stand out with their contrasting black and white hackles and a predominantly black base and tail.

Buff Brahma

Buff Brahma chicken

Another variety is the Buff Brahma, which mirrors the pattern of the Light Brahma but with a twist. Instead of a white base color, the Buff Brahma boasts a golden buff hue.

Their feathers range from light to medium golden brown shades, resulting in a calm and soothing appearance.

This warm color, combined with the black patterns similar to the Light Brahma, gives it a distinct look that’s hard to miss in a flock.

If you want to see these gorgeous birds in action, watch this video:

Bad boys ... buff columbian brahma roosters born in april

Brahma Chicken Size and Weight

Also known as the king of chickens, the Brahma is a large bird. It is truly an imposing chicken, standing at a height of around 30 inches, only surpassed in size by the Jersey Giant.

Standard Brahma roosters typically weigh between 9 and 12 pounds, while the hens range from 6 to 10 pounds. But that’s not the ceiling for these chickens.

Some Brahma chickens can even tip the scales at a whopping 18 pounds, making them one of the largest breeds of chicken around.

Their large size isn’t just for show. You can tell that these chickens are strong and have hefty bones by looking at their broad and deep bodies. However, they take much longer than other breeds to reach their full size.

Whether you’re into keeping chickens for their meat, their eggs, or just as pets, the Brahma’s massive size will make an impression.

Brahma Chicken Temperament and Behavior

Brahma chicken in a farm

Brahma chickens are renowned not just for their impressive size but also for their gentle and friendly temperament.

My interest in this breed moved me to own several Brahmas, which I did not regret. Despite being a large breed, my Brahmas exhibited an easygoing personality. I definitely recommend them to families, especially for those with children.

These chickens are a popular breed among newbie chicken keepers, as they enjoy the company of both humans and other chickens. Whenever I have a handful of treats, they instantly become cuddly companions.

Unlike some other breeds, Brahmas are not particularly flighty or aggressive. With their laid-back nature, Brahmas have no trouble being confined and usually avoid wandering too far from their coop.

This trait is helpful for backyard chicken keepers who have a limited amount of space for a run.

Overall, if you’re looking for a chicken breed that’s both gentle and good-natured, the Brahma is an excellent choice.

Their peaceful demeanor, combined with their beautiful appearance, makes them a cherished addition to any flock.

Egg Production and Broodiness of Brahma Chickens

Besides being valued for being a meat chicken breed, Brahma chickens are also highly regarded as good egg layers.

A Brahma hen can lay a decent number of eggs, an average of three to four medium-large eggs per week, producing around 150 to 200 eggs annually.

These eggs are light or creamy brown in color. Despite being large chickens, the eggs they lay may appear small in comparison.

Brahmas will typically start laying eggs around the age of six to seven months. This is slightly later than some breeds that are specifically designed for high egg production.

Their peak production months are during the cooler periods, particularly from October through May. However, individual hens might have variations in their laying patterns.

Interestingly, Brahma chickens tend to go broody, especially during the summer. They often exhibit a strong desire to sit on their eggs and hatch them during this period. However, prospective owners should be cautious.

Due to their large body size, there’s a risk of Brahma hens accidentally injuring their chicks or cracking the eggs.

So, if you want to use Brahma chickens for hatching, you must ensure they have a spacious and comfortable nesting area to accommodate their large size and the safety of their eggs and chicks.

Noise Levels of Brahma Chickens

Three Brahma chickens side by side

Often referred to as the gentle giants of the poultry world, Brahma chickens are known for their calm and serene nature.

These chickens are not particularly loud, making them ideal for suburban settings where noise can be a concern.

Brahma hens are usually quiet, only occasionally getting vocal when they lay an egg or sense danger. Their clucks and calls are soft and not disruptive.

However, it’s important to remember that roosters tend to be noisier than hens. A Brahma rooster will crow to assert dominance, especially in the early morning.

This crowing can be louder and more frequent than the occasional clucks of the hens. Still, Brahma roosters are relatively quiet compared to other breeds.

If you’re considering adding Brahmas to your backyard flock and noise is a concern, you can expect a relatively peaceful experience with these chickens.

How to Take Care of Your Brahma Chicken

Raising chickens, particularly the wonderful Brahma breed, can be a rewarding experience for any chicken owner.

However, to find Brahma chickens thriving in your backyard, understanding their specific care requirements is essential.

In this section, we’ll explore the key aspects of caring for your Brahma chicken, ensuring they live a healthy and happy life.

Lifespan and Health Issues

Having raised Brahmas for over a decade, I’ve come to appreciate their longevity and robust health. When caring for these chickens, regular health check-ups and addressing minor issues right away are crucial.

With proper care, my Brahmas lived for around 5 to 8 years, rewarding my efforts with companionship and fresh eggs.

However, like all chickens, they can be susceptible to certain health issues such as parasites, respiratory infections, and Bumblefoot

Providing a clean environment, a balanced diet, and practicing good biosecurity measures can prevent many of these issues, ensuring your Brahmas live a long, healthy life.


Maintaining the health and production of your Brahma chickens depends on giving them the proper diet.

A chick starter feed containing 18 to 20% protein is ideal for the first six to eight weeks of a chick’s life. As they grow, between 9 and 20 weeks old, switch them to a grower feed with 16 to 18% protein.

Once they begin their egg-laying phase, a chicken feed with 15 to 17% protein and added calcium becomes essential.

Remember, treats like fresh fruits and vegetables can be given occasionally, but make sure they always have access to fresh water.

Coop Setup and Roaming

Due to their size, Brahma chickens require a spacious coop. It’s recommended that each chicken have at least four square feet of floor space inside their coop.

Moreover, a well-ventilated and predator-proof coop is essential, complete with appropriately sized nesting boxes for their comfort.

Since Brahmas are heavy, I made sure that I constructed perches for them that are sturdy enough to support their weight.

I also saw to it that each chicken should have a roosting space of 8 to 12 inches with lower bars to make sure they avoid harming themselves trying to fly.

Furthermore, Brahmas are perfectly content to stay in their coop, but they also love roaming around when given a chance.

Providing them with a spacious run or allowing them to free-range will keep them happy and let them exhibit natural behaviors like foraging.


Brahma chickens are known for their hardiness, especially in colder climates. Their dense and fluffy feathers, combined with a pea comb, help them keep warm during chilly seasons.

The feathers on their feet also provide an added layer of warmth. However, while they can tolerate cooler temperatures, they might struggle in extreme heat.

If you live in a warmer climate, it’s essential to ensure that your Brahma chickens have access to shaded areas to prevent heat stroke.

Also, make sure they have plenty of fresh water to drink so they don’t get dehydrated.

How Much Does a Brahma Chicken Cost?

Brahma chicken and its chicks on white background

The Brahma chicken is a sought-after breed in the poultry market due to its large size. During their peak popularity in England in the 1800s, the price for a pair once soared to $150.

Today, these chickens are more affordable. Brahma chicks typically cost around $3 to $10 each, while Brahma eggs are priced at about $3 each.

These prices can vary based on the chicken breeder or hatchery, and it’s always a good idea to research and compare before purchasing. Beyond the initial cost, chicken keepers should budget for housing, feed, and healthcare.

Chicken coops can range from $500 to several thousand dollars, depending on quality and size. Given the large size of the Brahma breed, it’s crucial to ensure the coop can accommodate their size.

Feed is another ongoing expense, with an adult Brahma consuming approximately one and a half pounds of feed weekly.

Although the Brahma chicken may cost more overall, their pleasant nature, large size, and potential for egg production make them a valuable addition to many backyard flocks.

Frequently Asked Questions

Brahma chicken walking in the yard

What Is Special About Brahma Chicken?

Brahma chickens stand out in the poultry world for several compelling reasons. Their remarkable size, docile temperament, and striking appearance make them a favorite among chicken keepers.

With feathers that extend down to their toes, these chickens are well-suited for colder climates, where their feathered legs provide extra insulation.

Beyond their beautiful appearance, Brahmas are cherished for their friendly and calm nature. Furthermore, their exceptional qualities in both meat and egg production add to their appeal.

Do Brahma Chickens Lay Blue Eggs?

No, Brahma chickens do not lay blue eggs. While their eggs are not blue, they are known for producing eggs with a lovely shade of brown.

The chicken’s egg color is determined by its genetics, and in the case of the Brahma, its heritage favors brown eggs.

If you’re interested in blue eggs, consider getting these chicken breeds known for laying blue eggs.

Are Brahma Chickens Friendly?

Brahma chickens are often referred to as the gentle giants of the poultry world. These birds are not only docile but also non-aggressive, making them perfect backyard companions.

Their friendly nature extends to other chickens as well, as they generally get along well with other breeds in a mixed flock. While their size might intimidate some smaller birds, Brahmas are not known to be bullies.

Their calm disposition also means they handle confinement well, making them a favorite among many backyard poultry enthusiasts.

Whether you’re drawn to Brahma chickens because of their dual-purpose qualities, laid-back nature, or hardiness, you’re in for a fantastic experience. Feel free to leave a comment below with any questions or experiences to share about Brahmas.

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